Growing your own produce at home is easy, even if you live in a small apartment in the city. The idea of an urban garden is growing in popularity since everyone has spent so much time stuck at home this year. Growing your fruits and veggies can be very entertaining and even an easy endeavor if you have the right spot at home and the required materials. Even if you are just a beginner in the world of gardening, you can still start your very own veggie garden, pretty much anywhere in your home.
Best Places to Start a Veggie Garden
If you have a backyard space, that spot is perfect for setting-up your urban garden. Start by defining an assigned area to begin growing your fruits, herbs, and veggies. Always choose the place where they will get the most sunlight. If you are limited in space, you can consider growing a vertical garden, placing it on a fence, a wall, or hanging from the roof. If you have access to your building’s rooftop, that can be a suitable option to start your garden, or if you have a balcony with some space to use, you can place pots and planters and start growing right there!
Suppose you have reasonably good weather all year round. In that case, outdoor spaces are a fabulous option to create your garden. On the other hand, if you have harsh weather seasons or limited outdoor space. You can always consider indoor gardening using led grow lights or assembling a mini greenhouse. Keep reading cause we will explain exactly how to do this at home.
What You Will Need
Even though gardening in the city can be very similar to gardening in the countryside, there are a few differences you need to consider. To start your urban garden project, you’ll need to get some essential materials. We have put together a list of the most important items required to set up your garden.
- Enriched gardening soil (this is necessary since regular soil can lack the required nutrients for a plant to grow).
- A variety of seeds for herbs, fruits, vegetables, or even some edible flowers that you know will grow in your region.
- Containers, plant pots, or raised beds to start your seedlings.
- A hose with a sprinkler or a watering can.
- Plant food that contains sulfur and magnesium, which are helpful for plant growth.
- Gardening gloves, a trowel, and some good pruning shears
- Labels and markers to differentiate your new crops and avoid confusion while they grow.
- A composting bin if you have enough space
Basics To Start Planting Your Veggies
Here are the essential recommendations that everyone needs to know to start planting and growing. It is vital to know this to ensure a successful result, even though you have to consider the climate in your region and make any adjustments if necessary.
- Fill your containers or pots to half with the before mentioned enriched garden soil, then place the seeds and cover them with soil until they start sprouting.
- Start with easy to grow veggies and herbs like salad leaves, cilantro, onions, tomatoes, and garlic. Increase the difficulty level as you start getting more knowledgeable and have more confidence.
- Try to separate the seeds in different containers to avoid overcrowding when they start growing.
- Plant your seeds depending on the specific recommendations for that species considering the time of the year, to make sure they grow before or after the cold season.
- Water your plants regularly depending on the plant’s type and species, but do not water too often to avoid rotting.
- Use organic or eco-friendly pesticides that will keep plagues at bay.
- When your plants start growing, try to cut off the veggie’s death parts to encourage growth.
Extra Tricks to Getting the Hang of Gardening
- Place some small pots to create a herbal garden somewhere in your kitchen where plants can get some sunlight; that way, you can have them close by while you’re cooking.
- If you have partial sun in certain areas, the best veggies to grow are leafy greens like lettuce, bok choi, spinach, or kale, since they grow well in the shade.
- Consider trading fruits and veggies with your family and friends if they are also into veggie gardening.
- If you want to grow climbing fruits and veggies like raspberries, blueberries, grapes, tomatoes, or pumpkins, set up a trellis on a wall to allow vertical growth.
- If your region’s weather can get freezing and spoil your new sprouting veggies, build a mini greenhouse with grow lights to make sure they can grow all year-round.
Building a Mini-Greenhouse
Everyone knows that living in the city can get very crowded, even though, if you are lucky enough to have a backyard or patio, you can use some of the space to build a mini greenhouse with simple materials. This way, you can make sure to keep your crops warm and protected during the winter times.
What You Will Need
- Use two big soda or water bottles (the wider, the better) and cut them in half, use the bottom halves and stick them together with a silicone glue gun, then you can fill them with the enriched soil and plant the seeds inside. Cut small slits on the top part and then put them back together to keep moist and heat inside.
- Using a mason jar, you can create an excellent mini-greenhouse, fill it with enriched soil, plant the seeds and allow them to sprout; if it gets too crowded over time, you can always change the grown-up plants to a bigger pot later.
- A fish tank is also a great mini-greenhouse alternative; you can fill it with soil, plant the seeds inside, or you can put many small pots inside and then cover it with a plastic wrap to keep humidity and heat inside.
Setting Up Your Mini-Greenhouse
First, find the place where you want to start your mini-greenhouse; it is crucial to consider an area of the home where it can get enough sunlight, make sure that your mini-greenhouse has drainage, you can make small holes in the bottom to make sure the extra water can strain, to prevent rotting.
Once you have the selected place and the structure together, you can start planting! Plant only one type of veggie in each greenhouse since some plants can overtake others in a crowded space.
And the last final touch would be to add some led grow lights that mimic the sunlight. Try to have a timer on the lights to make sure your crops get the sun hours they would typically get outdoors.
As you can see, with a little knowledge and practice, you can have fresh produce of your favorite fruits, veggies, and even medicinal herbs at home!